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从高考中的“—ever”用法谈起_英语教学论文 由英语作文网收集整理 作文网

请看NMET关于“—ever”用法的几道单项选择题:
①If we work with a strong will, we can overcome anydifficulty,______ great it is.


(’95NMET)
A.what B.how C.however D.whatever
答案:C。“however”,adv.意为“无论如何”、“不管怎样”。
②It is generally considered unwise to give a child_____he or she wants.
(’97NMET)
A.however B.whatever C.whichever D.whenever
答案:B。“whatever”,pron.“无论什么”、“任何东西”之意。
③_______, Mother will wait for him to have dinnertogether. (’97NMET)
A.However late is he B.However he is late
C.However is he late D.However late he is
答案:D。“however”,adv.表示“无论如何”、“不管怎样”。
根据上述所出现关于“—ever”的构词形式,我们把学过的这些词归为两大类。
第一类:“however,whenever,wherever”,作连词或者副词。
第二类:“whatever,whichever,whoever”,作代词或者形容词。
下面具体地谈一谈它们各自的用法。
(一)“however”作连词或副词
1.作连词,“不管用什么方法”。
例如:He can go however he likes.
2.作副词,“无论如何”、“不管怎样”
例如:①However cold it is,he always goe ming.
②I'll come however busy I am
3.作副词,“究竟怎么”(表示惊奇)。
例如:However did you find it?
4.作副词,“不过”、“仍然”、“然而”
例如:He hasn't arrived.He may however later.
(二)“whenever”作连词或副词
1.作连词,“任何时候”。例如
①Whenever we see him we speak to him.
②Come whenever you like.
2.作连词,“每当”、“每逢”“每次”
例如:Whenever that man says “To tell the truth”, I suspect that he's about to tell a li e .
3.作副词,“任何时间”“任何时候”
例如:①He might turn up on Monday , or Friday, or whenever, andexpect to be given a meal.
②Whether they arrive tonight ,tomorrow , or whenever, they'll bewelcome.
4.作副词,“到底什么时候”。
例如:Whenever will he learn ?
(三)“wherever”作连词或副词
1.作连词,“在任何地方”、“到任何地方”、“在任何情况下”。
例如:Sit wherever you like
2.作副词,“在任何地方”。
例如:He comes from Boula, wherever that may be , from a place called Boula,and I have no
idea where it is.
3.作副词,“到底什么地方”。
例如:Wherever did she get that hat.
(四)“whatever”作代词或形容词。
1.“whatever”作代词,/no matter what /“无论什么”、“无论如何”。
例如:
①Keep calm,whatever happens
②Whatever (No matter what) you may say, I will go.
2.“whatever”作代词,/anything or everything that/“任何的事物”、“每一……的事物”。
例如①Do whatever you like.
②Whatever I have is at your service.
3.作代词“or whatever”“或任何东西”、“诸如此类”
例如:He'd have difficulty in learning any language ——Greek, Chinese,or whatever.
4.作代词,“到底(究竟)什么”。
例如 Whatever can he mean by that?
5.作形容词,“任何的”、“无论什么的”、“任何种类、程度等的”。
例如Take whatever measures you consider best.
6.作形容词,在否定句中,置于名词之后,强调否定语气
例如①There can be no doubt whatever about it.
②I have no intention whatever of resigning.
(五)“Whichever” 作代词或形容词
1.“Whichever” 作代词,/anything or everything “无论哪些”、 “无论哪个”。
例如 ①Whichever (Anything that) you want is yours.
②Take two of the four elective subjects, whichever you prefer.
2.作代词,“……的那一个”。
例如①Take whichever you like best.
②Whichever of you comes in first will receive a prize.
3.作代词,“究竟哪个(哪些)”。
例如 Whichever do you mean?
4. 作形容词,“无论哪个”、“无论哪些”。
例如:He may choose whichever desk he wishes.
(六)“whoever”作代词:
“whoever”作代词,/any person who/the person who/“任何人”、“无论谁”、“……的人”。
例如①Whoever(Anyone who)said it,it's not so.
②Whoever says that is wrong.
2.作代词,“到底(究竟)是谁”。
例如 Whoever told you that?

从高考中的“—ever”用法谈起_英语教学论文 由英语作文网收集整理 作文网

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